Prevalent Eye Problems That Can Be Easily Diagnosed With an Exam

Posted on: 19 April 2018

Adults who did not have eye problems growing up may assume that their vision will not be at risk of impairment for the rest of their life. But this could not be further from the truth. As you age, your eye becomes vulnerable to an array of issues that can become exponentially worse if left undeterred. Therefore, it is vital to include an eye exam to your annual health checkup just to be assured that everything is working as it should be. The following is a list of some of the typical eye problems that can quickly be diagnosed by periodic eye examinations.

Development of cataracts 

Contrary to popular belief, cataracts do not solely develop in the eyes of geriatrics. This condition comes about when the protein in the eye lens congeals, which makes your vision cloudy. If not addressed in time, the cataracts simply grow larger and could result in complete blindness in the affected eye. Unfortunately, this illness cannot be treated with medication, as cataract surgery is the only course of action. The sooner the impairment is detected through eye exams, then the quicker your vision is restored via laser surgery.

Diabetic retinopathy

Another common reason why people's vision becomes impaired is the onset of diabetic retinopathy. As its name implies, this condition affects individuals who have developed diabetes. The reason for this is that as your blood sugar increases, the spike can cause the delicate blood vessels inside the retina to rupture. Resultantly, fluid steadily leaks into your eye. If these leaks are not detected in time, the diabetic retinopathy progresses into abnormal tissue growths that could lead to the detachment of the retina. By this stage, vision loss becomes irreversible. Hence, all diabetic patients should elect to have a routine eye exam to prevent further deterioration of their health.

Refractive problems

Light refraction is critical as this is what facilitates your eyesight. As light makes its way into your eye's cornea and lens, the light is refracted to create the images that you see around you. When this refraction is compromised, it directly affects your vision. In fact, one of the most pervasive reasons why individuals of all ages need to wear prescription glasses is due to refraction issues that subsequently cause your vision to become shortsighted, longsighted and astigmatic. Fortunately, refraction errors are one of the most straightforward eye problems to contend with as they can easily be corrected by getting the proper prescription lenses to remedy your skewed vision.

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